Dany Escobedo Goes to Jail

In 1960, a young Chicagoan, Danny Escobedo, was given a 20-year jail sentence for first-degree murder. Danny had confessed to complicity in the killing of his brother-in-law after the police had refused to allow him to see his lawyer. Actually, Danny was tricked into blaming a friend for the liquidation of his sister’s husband, thereby establishing himself as an accomplice. Despite the fact that Danny later recanted his confession, he was found culpable and jailed. Danny had been stereotyped as a hoodlum, and nobody raised an eyebrow over the hapless felon’s troubles.

  • complicity- keterlibatan
  • liquidation- pemusnahan
  • thereby – dengan demikian
  • accomplice- kaki tangan, antek
  • recanted- menarik kembali
  • culpable- bersalah
  • stereotyped- a widely held but fixed and oversimplified image or idea of a particular type of person or thing.
  • hoodlum- penjahat
  • raised an eyebrow
  • hapless – apes, sial
  • felon – penjahat
  • felony – kejahatan besar
  • petty felony – kejahatan kecil


Complicity is the involvement or participation in an activity, especially one that is wrong or illegal. It can refer to being an accomplice or aiding and abetting in a crime or wrongdoing. For example, if someone helps another person commit a robbery, they are complicit in the robbery. Complicity can also refer to being an accomplice in a less serious sense, such as knowing about something wrong or harmful and failing to speak out against it or take action to stop it. In this sense, complicity can involve a lack of action or a failure to do what is right.


Liquidation is selling off or disposing of assets, typically when a company or organization is closing down or going bankrupt. It involves converting the company’s assets, such as inventory, equipment, and property, into cash. The proceeds from selling these assets are used to pay off the company’s debts and outstanding obligations.

There are two main types of liquidation: voluntary liquidation, which the company initiates, and involuntary liquidation, which a court orders. Voluntary liquidation usually occurs when a company is no longer viable or profitable, and the owners decide to close it down. Involuntary liquidation occurs when a company cannot pay its debts, and a creditor or creditor group petitions a court to have the company liquidated to recover its losses.

Liquidation can also refer to selling a specific asset or group of assets, such as when a company sells off a division or subsidiary. In this case, the sale is often referred to as a “liquidation sale.”


“Thereby” is a word that is used to indicate a consequence or result. It is often used to introduce a clause that explains how something is achieved or the result of an action. For example:

“She studied hard for the exam, and thereby passed with flying colors.” (The result of studying hard was that she passed the exam.)
“He invested wisely and thereby grew his wealth significantly.” (The result of investing wisely was that his wealth grew significantly.)
“Thereby” can also indicate that something happens due to something else. For example:

“The company implemented new safety measures, thereby reducing the number of accidents on the job.” (The implementation of new safety measures resulted in a reduction in accidents.)
“He made an effort to be more punctual, thereby impressing his boss.” (The effort to be more punctual resulted in impressing his boss.)


An accomplice is a person who helps another person commit a crime or wrongdoing. An accomplice can be involved in planning and carrying out the crime, or they may provide support or assistance in some other way. For example, an accomplice might provide a getaway car for a robbery, or they might provide information or resources to help someone carry out a crime.

In some jurisdictions, an accomplice can be held legally responsible for a crime similar to the person who committed the crime. For example, if two people rob a bank together, and one acts as the lookout while the other steals money from the teller, both can be charged with robbery and punished as accomplices.

The term “accomplice” is often used to describe a person who is aware of a crime or wrongdoing and chooses not to report it or take action to stop it. In this sense, an accomplice is not directly involved in the crime, but their inaction or failure to report it complicates the wrongdoing.


To recant is to publicly withdraw or disavow a statement or belief that one has previously made. It means to take back or retract something that has been said or written.

Recanting can be done for a variety of reasons. For example, a person might recant a statement they made under duress or coercion or recant a statement they later realize was false or misleading. Recanting can also be used to renounce a belief or position that one no longer holds.

Recanting is often used in legal contexts, where it can have serious consequences. For example, if a witness in a trial recants their testimony, it can undermine the credibility of the case and potentially result in the dismissal of charges. In such cases, recanting may be seen as an act of perjury, which is a crime.

Recanting can also generally refer to withdrawing or renouncing something that one has previously supported or endorsed. For example, politicians might recant a position they previously took on an issue if they no longer believe it valid or appropriate.


Culpable means deserving blame or fault for wrongdoing or offense. It can be used to describe a person responsible for committing a crime or engaging in wrongdoing, or it can be used to describe the act itself.

For example, a person who commits theft or fraud might be considered culpable for their actions. Similarly, if someone is negligent or reckless and causes harm or damage, they might be considered culpable for their actions.

The term “culpable” is often used in legal contexts to describe someone guilty or blameworthy for a crime or offense. In some cases, the level of culpability or blame can vary, depending on the circumstances of the case and the intent or knowledge of the person who committed the act.

In general, being culpable means being responsible or accountable for something wrong or harmful and deserving punishment or reprimand.


A stereotype is a widely held but fixed and oversimplified image or idea of a particular type of person or thing. Stereotypes are based on assumptions and prejudices rather than on actual evidence or facts, and they are often used to categorize people based on their perceived characteristics or traits.

Stereotypes can be harmful because they can lead to unfair judgments and discrimination. They can also perpetuate negative attitudes and prejudices and contribute to a lack of understanding and respect for diversity.

There are many different types of stereotypes, including stereotypes based on race, ethnicity, gender, age, sexual orientation, religion, and nationality. Some common stereotypes include the belief that all members of a particular group are lazy, dishonest, unintelligent or that all members are good at a particular activity or profession.

It is essential to recognize and challenge stereotypes and base our opinions and actions on evidence and individual characteristics rather than preconceived notions or biases.


A hoodlum is a person involved in criminal or violent activities, especially as a gang member. The term is often used to describe young people who engage in vandalism, robbery, or other criminal behavior.

Hoodlum can also be used more generally to describe someone rowdy, disorderly, or disruptive, regardless of whether they have engaged in criminal activity. In this sense, the term is often used to describe someone who causes trouble or engages in behavior that is considered socially unacceptable.

The term “hoodlum” is often used in a negative or pejorative way, and it is generally considered to be a derogatory term. We must be mindful of our language and avoid using terms intended to demean or belittle others.

to raise an eyebrow

“To raise an eyebrow” is a common expression that shows surprise, skepticism, or disbelief through facial expression. It typically refers to raising one of the eyebrows slightly, which can convey a range of emotions depending on the context and the tone of voice.

For example, someone might raise an eyebrow in response to something unexpected or surprising, indicating that they are taken aback or did not expect to hear something. Alternatively, someone might raise an eyebrow in a skeptical or disbelieving way to indicate that they are not convinced by something that has been said or done.

Raising an eyebrow is often seen as a subtle or nonverbal way of communicating emotions or reactions. It can be a valuable tool for expressing feelings without saying anything aloud.


Hapless means are unlucky or unfortunate, often in a pitiable or sympathetic way. It can be used to describe someone who seems to have bad luck or is constantly facing complex or challenging circumstances.

For example, you might describe someone as hapless if they are consistently late to work due to unexpected delays or setbacks or constantly struggling to make ends meet despite their best efforts.

The term “hapless” can also be used more generally to describe something unlucky or unfortunate, such as a hapless attempt at something or a hapless outcome. In this sense, it can describe something that does not go as planned or does not achieve the desired result.

It is essential to recognize that hapless people are not necessarily at fault for their circumstances and that they may deserve compassion and support.



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