Many different methods have been developed over the years to help us increase the number of words we know. some have said we should read as much as we can, write down all the words we do not know, and then look them up in a dictionary. Other systems is involve writing down and memorizing five to ten words every day. Another suggestion is to learn words related to a basic idea. For example, “happy” is a common word. We would try to learn a number of synonyms for “happy”. These might include “joyful, gleeful, jovial, corky, and jaunty.” And then we might learn “sad, morose, and tearfull,” because they have a meaning opposite of “happy.”
One of the most effective methods of vocabulary building is to study the parts of a word which give clues to the meaning of whole words, and then to make sure the rough or literal definition you forms make sense in a relation to what you are reading. Most of the longer and difficult words in English are dereived from Latin and Greek; fortunately, these longer words are also the one that are the easiest to break down or analyze into parts which mean something. For example, you will learn that word portable has two important parts : port (meaning to carry) and able (meaning can or able to). A portable radio, the , is one you can carry around with you. by breaking the word down into meaningful parts, you can often form a rough definition or make a reasonable guess at the meaning of a word. This system does not always work; few systems do. but as you become familiar with the method as you work through this book, you should be able to define more and more unfamiliar words.
Here is the mothod you should used as you read the selections and do the exercises in this book :
When you find an uknown word, first analyze the word. This means you should identify all the roots, prefixes, and suffixes in the word. For example, consider the word transportation.You know that port means “to carry,” and you will soon learn that trans means “accross or from one place to another” ad yion menas “the state or condition of.” From this, you can form a literal meaning for transportations: “the state of carrying something from one place to another place.”
Once you have made a literal definition, test that definition to see that it makes sense in the reading. For example, consider this sentence: “Our transportation system faces serious problems: our highways are crowded and our roads and bridges are falling apart.” Now you can make your literal definition more exact, and define transportation as “any method of moving people or thins from one place to another place.”
Always refine your literal definition, test that definition to see that it makes sense in the reading.
If you try to analyze a word but do not know the meaning of a root or affixes, look up the word part in the glossary at the back of the book. Do not use a dictionary, especially a bilingual dictionary.
This method will seem hard at first, but as you become familiar with more and more word parts, you will soon find that it becomes much easier. You might find yourself becoming interested in how words are formed and how they have developed and changed over the years. If that happens, you will be surprised at how fast your vocabulary grows.
Developing Vocabulary Skills represents a significant departure from many vocabulary text available today. Some emphasize roots and affixes; other emphasize the importance of context. This text treats both as equally important. first, it introduce words in a logical framework. Affixes and root with relative meanings have been grouped in units, and the attention paid to word analysis allow the student to develop a sense of the logic and structure behind English Vocabulary. Second, words are always introduced in some context. In some instances, this context may be minimal, such as in a sentence or an analogy. More often, longer connected discourse – paragraph and essaus – serves as the contextual setting.
This intermediate-advanced level text for college or college-bound students teaches them to analyze, understand, and remember vocabulary by developing word attact skills. Written with students’ future needs in mind, the text develops a system of logical and organized thinking in order to understand not only the individual words, but also the more general meaning of the context. Affixes and roots with related meanings are grouped into units. In most units, a list of words containing similar roots or affixes is introduced. This logical framework provides the means to analyze the internal structure of a word.